Measuring the carbon footprint of inbound tourism at a destination level

Authors

  • Anita Conefrey Department of Marketing, Tourism and Sport, School of Business and Social Sciences, Atlantic Technological University Sligo, Ireland. Email: anita.conefrey@research.atu.ie
  • Dr James Hanrahan Department of Marketing, Tourism and Sport, School of Business and Social Sciences, Atlantic Technological University Sligo, Ireland. Email: james.hanrahan@atu.ie

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54055/ejtr.v36i.3178

Keywords:

Climate Change Policy, Tourism Policy, Tourism Emissions, Decarbonisation, Sustainable Destination Management

Abstract

Destination’s dependency on aviation leads to inbound tourists producing higher levels of emissions than domestic tourists. This paper aimed to measure the first baseline carbon footprint of inbound tourism at a popular island destination, without the Tourism Satellite Accounts. The environmentally extended input-output life-cycle analysis is the most favourable approach to measure tourism emissions. However, this approach cannot be applied internationally due to the lack of tourism data. Therefore, this study implemented an integrated bottom-up approach to successfully measure inbound tourism emissions. According to this study, inbound tourism to Ireland generates 11.78 MtCO2eq, this is a conservative estimate due to the assumptions made to overcome the data limitations. Nevertheless, this study contributes to the increasing body of knowledge on tourism emissions as it establishes Ireland’s first baseline carbon footprint of inbound tourism and demonstrates the need to upskill the tourism industry to actively measure, monitor and manage tourism decarbonisation.

Author Biographies

Anita Conefrey, Department of Marketing, Tourism and Sport, School of Business and Social Sciences, Atlantic Technological University Sligo, Ireland. Email: anita.conefrey@research.atu.ie

Anita Conefrey is a Doctoral researcher in the Department of Marketing, Tourism and Sport, in the School of Business and Social Science at Atlantic Technological University Sligo, Ireland (anita.conefrey@research.atu.ie). She has developed the research skills of employing both quantitative and qualitative methodology analysis. Her research interests include sustainable tourism destination development and management, tourism emissions and tourism decarbonisation.

Dr James Hanrahan, Department of Marketing, Tourism and Sport, School of Business and Social Sciences, Atlantic Technological University Sligo, Ireland. Email: james.hanrahan@atu.ie

Dr James Hanrahan, PhD, is a lecturer in Tourism Management in the School of Business and Social Science at Atlantic Technological University Sligo, Ireland (james.hanrahan@atu.ie). Dr Hanrahan has worked as a tour guide, tour operator, tourism manager, tourism entrepreneur, tourism consultant and lecturer in Ireland, New Zealand, Hawaii, Bulgaria, California, and Britain. He has a key set of publications related to sustainable destination management and an established track record in research supervision at PhD level. He continues to work for the public and private sector in tourism planning and development. His research interests include sustainable tourism destination development and management, tourism education and tourism planning and policy.

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Published

2023-11-02

How to Cite

Conefrey, A., & Hanrahan, J. . (2023). Measuring the carbon footprint of inbound tourism at a destination level. European Journal of Tourism Research, 36, 3610. https://doi.org/10.54055/ejtr.v36i.3178