Encounter norms among visitors at a national park in Turkey

Authors

  • Meryem Bihter Bingül Graduate Student, Human Dimensions of Natural Resources, Colorado State University, Forestry 230, Fort Collins, Colorado, 80523, USA; tel: (1) 970-889-8725; email: meryem.bingul@colostate.edu
  • Jerry J. Vaske Professor, Human Dimensions of Natural Resources, Colorado State University, Forestry 244, Fort Collins, Colorado, 80523, USA; email: jerryv@colostate.edu
  • Maureen P. Donnelly Associate Professor, Human Dimensions of Natural Resources, Colorado State University, Forestry 234, Fort Collins, Colorado, 80523; email: maureend@colostate.edu

Keywords:

encounter norms, norm prevalence, response format, Turkey

Abstract

This article examined response format effects on norm prevalence (i.e., the percent of individuals who could specify a norm). Data were collected in Dilek Peninsula Büyük Menderes Delta National Park, in Turkey. Respondents were randomly assigned to one of two conditions. In the “semi-open” response format, respondents (n = 458) “wrote a number” for an acceptable number of visitor encounters. In the “closed” format, respondents (n = 459) “circled a number” of acceptable encounters, along a range of possible responses. Results showed that encounter norm prevalence was significantly and consistently higher for the closed format of the survey, as compared to the semi-open version. In addition, among those reporting a norm, the average tolerance levels were statistically higher in the semi-open format. Implications for applying the normative approach across different cultures are discussed.

Downloads

Published

2017-10-01

How to Cite

Bingül, M., Vaske, J., & Donnelly, M. (2017). Encounter norms among visitors at a national park in Turkey. European Journal of Tourism Research, 17, 206–214. Retrieved from https://ejtr.vumk.eu/index.php/about/article/view/303