Indicators for measuring tourism intensification in urban areas through their associative network: Case studies from the Spanish Mediterranean coast

Authors

  • Francisco José Chamizo-Nieto Department of Art and Architecture, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain. E-mail: franciscochamizo@uma.es https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7752-1248
  • Nuria Nebot-Gómez de Salazar Department of Art and Architecture, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain: nurianebot@uma.es https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6187-0972
  • Carlos Rosa-Jiménez Institute of Habitat, Territory and Digitalisation, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain. E-mail: cjrosa@uma.es https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6356-8734
  • Sergio Reyes-Corredera Geographical Analysis Research Group, Department of Geography, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain. E-mail: sergioreyes@uma.es https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2760-6489

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54055/ejtr.v32i.2627

Keywords:

tourism intensification, touristification, gentrification, urban tourism, overtourism, indicator system

Abstract

Clustering of tourism-related activities leads to tourism gentrification because of urban tourism. This study proposes a methodology for identifying pattern of tourism intensification in cities. The main objectives were to conduct an in-depth measurement of tourism intensification and to consider the conflict of interest between stakeholders involved. The proposed indicator system is based on several variables measured by neighbourhoods as territorial units: citizen initiatives, population and tourist accommodations and facilities. All indicators were tested in two Spanish port cities: Malaga and Valencia. Geographic Information System mapping showed common patterns in both cities, such as tertiary use concentrated in the old town, new tourist offers around it, and emerging clusters far away. Statistical analysis showed a high spatial correlation between neighbourhoods with several citizen initiatives and a wide range of Airbnb listings or cultural facilities. The spatial analysis and correlations between tourism intensification indicators may serve as a basis for local administrations to propose an urban policy that deals with overtourism in the short and medium terms. This work serves as a basis for new research on urban tourism: redefinition and addition of variables, as well as further development of comparative case studies or field studies that check the datasets.

Author Biographies

Francisco José Chamizo-Nieto, Department of Art and Architecture, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain. E-mail: franciscochamizo@uma.es

Francisco José Chamizo-Nieto (ORCID: 0000-0002-7752-1248) is architect by the School of Architecture of Malaga (2016). He is PhD candidate in Architecture at University of Malaga (UMA). As a researcher, he works in HUM-969 Utopia Research Group and Emerging Technologies for Citizenship Chair, both of them at UMA. He focuses on the following topics: citizen participation, urban planning and urban tourism.

Nuria Nebot-Gómez de Salazar, Department of Art and Architecture, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain: nurianebot@uma.es

Nuria Nebot-Gómez de Salazar (ORCID: 0000-0001-6187-0972) is architect by the School of Architecture of Madrid (2003). She obtained her PhD in Architecture at University of Malaga (UMA; 2012). Currently (2010 onwards), she is a lecturer and researcher at School of Architecture and Habitat-Tourism-Territory Institute, and co-director of the Emerging Technologies for Citizenship Chair, all of them at UMA. She has developed the following research lines: tourism, smart city, social innovation and new technologies.

Carlos Rosa-Jiménez, Institute of Habitat, Territory and Digitalisation, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain. E-mail: cjrosa@uma.es

Carlos Rosa-Jiménez (ORCID: 0000-0001-6356-8734) is Senior Lecturer in Architecture at School of Architecture and Deputy-director of the Habitat-Tourism-Territory Institute, both of them at University of Malaga. His research focuses on understanding the relationship between urban planning and tourism.

Sergio Reyes-Corredera, Geographical Analysis Research Group, Department of Geography, University of Malaga, Malaga, Spain. E-mail: sergioreyes@uma.es

Sergio Reyes (ORCID: 0000-0002-2760-6489). Geographer, Master in Spatial Planning and Geographic Information Technologies, Doctor with international mention in Geography, Geographer specializing in Landscape and Geographic Information Systems, professor of the Department of Geography at the University of Malaga. Research areas: Esta tudo. Research areas: landscape analysis, land planning, urban planning, GIS, cultural representations of landscape.

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Published

2022-08-05

How to Cite

Chamizo-Nieto, F. J., Nebot-Gómez de Salazar, N., Rosa-Jiménez, C., & Reyes-Corredera, S. (2022). Indicators for measuring tourism intensification in urban areas through their associative network: Case studies from the Spanish Mediterranean coast. European Journal of Tourism Research, 32, 3202. https://doi.org/10.54055/ejtr.v32i.2627