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The relationship between tourism and equality in income
distribution in developed and developing countries:
An application of Panel VAR model
            
           Ali Rahnama1 , Hamideh Khaksar Astaneh2* and Mohammadhadi Hajian3
        
Received: 03/01/2018 Accepted: 05/09/2018

       

1University of Ferdowsi, Researcher of Department of Tourism Economics, Iranian Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR), Street Azadi, 91775-1376, Mashhad, Islamic Republic of Iran. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , Tel: 0098-5131997518
2University of Ferdowsi, Faculty of Department of Tourism Economics, Iranian Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR), Street Azadi, 91775-1376, Mashhad, Islamic Republic of Iran. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Tel: 0098-5131997534
3Tarbiat Modares University, PhD of Economics, Ale Ahmad Street, Nasr, 14115-111, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
*Corresponding author

   
Abstract
      
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the tourism and equitable distribution of income for the developed and developing countries using Panel VAR. The results indicate that economic growth and the first lag (one-year lag) of international tourism income negatively affect the poverty index in developed and developing countries. Impulses due to economic growth and poverty index have the greatest effect on international tourism income so that its effect remains after 10 periods permanently.
   

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Keywords:  Equality in income distribution, Tourism, Panel VAR method, Developed and developing countries.

    
Citation:  Rahnama, A., H. Astaneh and M. Hajian (2019) The relationship between tourism and equality in income distribution in developed and developing countries: An application of Panel VAR model. European Journal of Tourism Research 21, pp. 124-131
    
 
European Journal of Тourism Research