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Entrepreneurs’ Self-Perception of Skills in Rural Tourism
   
Conceição Castro1* and Fernanda A. Ferreira2
  
Received: 28/03/2018 Accepted: 14/07/2018

  

1Porto Accounting and Business School, Polytechnic Institute of Porto; CEOS.PP; CEPESE, Adress: Rua Jaime Lopes Amorim, 4465-004 S. Mamede de Infesta, Portugal, phone: +351229050000, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2School of Hospitality and Tourism of Polytechnic Institute of Porto; Applied Management Research Unit (UNIAG); Rua D. Sancho I, n.o 981, 4480-876 Vila do Conde, Portugal, phone: +351252291700; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
*Corresponding author 
   
Abstract
      
The objective of this paper is to study the perception of entrepreneurial and personal maturity skills among owners of rural tourism businesses and structure these skills. The main obstacles to entrepreneurship felt by these entrepreneurs are also analysed. Using the results of a survey of rural tourism businesses in Northern Portugal, exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted. The data was evaluated through CFA, using Analysis of Moment Structure and performed a Structural Equation Model. The CFA led to two distinct factors: one includes emotional coping, critical evaluation and networking (personal maturity) skills, while the other (entrepreneurial) includes goal setting and environment scanning skills. The findings reveal, after a cluster analysis based on the resulting component scores, three different groups of entrepreneurs with different perception of competencies, background and type of business. The owners/managers encountered some restrictions in the start-up process as the bureaucracy and the lack of financial support and information. Studying rural tourism owner ́s perceived entrepreneurial competencies provide advances in identifying its dimensionality and corresponding profiles and help defining strategies to enhance them, in order to promote success and local development.
   

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Keywords: Entrepreneurs, entrepreneurial competencies, skills, rural tourism.

    
Citation: Castro, C., F. A. Ferreira (2019) Entrepreneurs’ Self-Perception of Skills in Rural Tourism. European Journal of Tourism Research 21, pp. 50-68
    
 
European Journal of Тourism Research