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Food tourism and regional development:
A systematic literature review
       
Susana Rachão1* , Zélia Breda2 , Carlos Fernandes3 and Veronique Joukes4
      
Received: 09/07/2018 Accepted: 20/09/2018
 
1PhD Candidate, Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, University of Aveiro, Portugal, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , phone: +351 966 533 419
2Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, and Research Unit ‘Governance, Competitiveness and Public Policies’, University of Aveiro, Portugal
3School of Technology and Management, Polytechnic of Viana do Castelo, Portugal
4Department of Economics, Sociology and Management, School of Human and Social Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Portugal
*Corresponding author 
   
Abstract
      
Using food as a differentiating asset of destinations and its potential in influencing tourists’ travel decisions is being much discussed in academia. Different countries use distinct terms to relate food to tourism. Concepts such as culinary tourism, food tourism and gastronomy tourism are used interchangeably. This paper aims to explore regional innovation strategies based on food and tourism and on how they can contribute to destination management. The study adopts a systematic literature review by focusing on two main databases, namely SCOPUS and ISI Web of Science. In total, 538 articles (from 1985 to 2017) published in English peer-reviewed academic journals were analysed. The systematic review revealed that food and tourism has been approached from varied perspectives, from interactions with traditional protection strategies under European food quality labels, such as Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) and the Protected Geographical Indication (PGI), to innovative actions, which encapsulate the reengineering of places transforming them into creative food spaces or food clusters. Finally, this paper seeks to contribute to the body of knowledge on food and tourism, under the perspective of regional innovation strategies, applying a qualitative systematic literature review of a 27 selected articles within the scope of the research.
   

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Keywords: food, tourism, regional development, policies, systematic literature review

    
Citation: Rachão, S., Z. Breda, C. Fernandes and V. Joukes (2019) Food tourism and regional development: A systematic literature review. European Journal of Tourism Research 21, pp. 33-49
    
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European Journal of Тourism Research