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The Sponsorship Motive Matrix (SMM): A Framework for
Categorising Firms’ Motives for Sponsoring Sports Events

 

Terje Slåtten1* , Göran Svensson2 , Steven Connolley3 ,
Cathrine Bexrud1 and Tone Lægreid1

 

Received: 15/05/2015 Accepted: 19/07/2016

 

1Faculty of Economics and Organizational Sciences, Lillehammer University College, 2604 Lillehammer, Norway
2Professor, Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway
3Doctoral student, Lillehammer University College, 2604 Lillehammer, Norway; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
*Corresponding author: tel: 0047 920 40 829; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

Abstract
 

Though there is a large body of literature and research on sponsorship of sports events, it seems that previous research on firm sponsorship of sports events has narrowly focused on sponsorship from a customer perspective. Consequently, research on sponsorship from a firm perspective is lacking. Specifically, it seems that no study has investigated and identified the main factors that motivate the sponsorship of sports events. This article begins with exploring firms’ motives for sponsorship found in the literature, and identifies two fundamental pairs of contrastive orientations related to sponsorship motives: internal versus external motives and opportunistic versus altruistic motives. Next, we combine the four fundamental motivational orientations into a two-way matrix that constitutes a framework for categorising firms’ motivations for sponsoring sports events. We also explore and elaborate the framework more fully in a qualitative study. On the basis of empirical findings, we identify four general or ideal types of motivational categories that reflect the combination of firms’ fundamental and contrastive orientations related to sponsorship motives. The main or ideal types of sponsorship motivational categories are labelled “market”, “society”, “bond” and “clan”. The final framework, displaying firms’ four main categories or ideal types of sponsorship motives, is referred to as the Sponsorship Motive Matrix (SMM). We conclude with suggestions for future research and a discussion of the implications that can be drawn from the SMM framework.

 

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Keywords: Event, Sponsorship, Business firms, Sport, Sponsor Motive Matrix (SMM).
Citation: Slåtten, T., G. Svensson, S. Connolley, C. Bexrud and T. Lægreid (2017) The Sponsorship Motive Matrix (SMM): A Framework for Categorising Firms’ Motives for Sponsoring Sports Events. European Journal of Tourism Research 15, pp. 143-166

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European Journal of Тourism Research