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Determinants of tourist arrivals in European Mediterranean
countries: Analysis of competitiveness

 

Luisa Marti1* and Rosa Puertas2

 

Received: 05/07/2016 Accepted: 22/07/2016

 

1Grupo de Economía Internacional. Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, Valencia 46022, Spain; tel. 0034963877000 ext 74756; fax 0034963877479, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2Grupo de Economía Internacional. Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, Valencia 46022, Spain; tel. 0034963877000 ext 79955; fax 0034963877479; e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
*Corresponding author

 

Abstract
 

This research employs a gravity framework to evaluate the tourism in European Mediterranean countries. The paper analyses the destination competitiveness as a means for tourism attraction and also verifies whether more competitive countries can be used as a point of reference for the development of those lagging behind. The gravity equations are used because of their proven effectiveness in estimating other similar studies fields. The study focuses on the Mediterranean European countries, mainly due essentially, to the wide span of their positions along the TTCI ranking (Spain ranks first, whereas Montenegro is in 67th place). Results reveal that these European destinations are not efficiently exploiting their tourism capacity and they need apply policies to foster this economic activity and enable the transformation of competitiveness into greater numbers of visitors.

 

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Keywords: Tourism; competitiveness; Mediterranean countries; gravity model; TTCI
Citation: Marti, L., R. Puertas (2017) Determinants of tourist arrivals in European Mediterranean countries: Analysis of competitiveness. European Journal of Tourism Research 15, pp. 131-142

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European Journal of Тourism Research